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:: Volume 15, Issue 2 (jrds 2018) ::
J Res Dent Sci 2018, 15(2): 105-111 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of association between asthmatic children and molar-incisor hypomineralization lesion and caries
K Salem Dr, SH Hamidiaval Dr, P Etezadkeyhani Dr *, G Lotfi Dr., S Aghaee Dr
, pardis_keyhani70@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3637 Views)
Backgroundand aim: Hypomineralization of the molar incisor (MIH) is a malformation with a systemic background whose etiology is not well defined. One of the factors contributing to the development of this lesion is the likelihood of its association with respiratory problems and asthma in the first years of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between MIH and asthma.
Materials and Methods: This historical cohort study was conducted on 73 six to twelve years old children with asthma and the control group in Rasht. Dental examinations were carried out by a practitioner at the site of asthma clinic and schools, with the use of mirrors and syringes without drying the dental surfaces. Presence and intensity of MIH were determined due to Pedodontics standard criteria.  Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney test and were used to analyze the relationship between different factors.
Results: 29.3% of asthmatic children had MIH, while only 17.1% of the control group had it.
(P<0.001) The Mean DMFS index was 0.87±0.34 and 0.87±0.32 in asthmotics and controls respecting (p<0.9).
Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, children who had symptoms of asthma before the age of three have a high risk of having MIH and should be gone under early dental care.

Keywords: Asthma, Molar incisor Hypomineralization, Children
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Type of Study: original article | Subject: Pediatrics
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Salem K, Hamidiaval S, Etezadkeyhani P, Lotfi G, Aghaee S. Evaluation of association between asthmatic children and molar-incisor hypomineralization lesion and caries . J Res Dent Sci. 2018; 15 (2) :105-111
URL: http://jrds.ir/article-1-894-en.html

Volume 15, Issue 2 (jrds 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله تحقیق در علوم دندانپزشکی Res Dent Sci
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