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:: Volume 18, Issue 2 (JRDS 2021) ::
J Res Dent Sci 2021, 18(2): 144-149 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of ankyloglossia in children aged from 3 to 5 years old in sari
Haleh Hali , Anahita Ghorbani , Mahmood Moosazadeh , Pegah Beigmohammadi
Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (554 Views)
Background and Aim: Ankyloglossia is a developmental anomaly of the tongue that restricts the movement of the tongue. The incidence of ankyloglossia ranging from 0.02% to 4.4% in different communities. The present study was performed to determine the prevalence of ankyloglossia in children aged 3-5 years in Sari.
Material and Methods: In this study the prevalence of ankyloglossia in 975 children aged 3 to 5 years was investigated. A simple examination was done and the diagnosis of ankyloglossia was based on the presence of a short lingual frenum and Kotlow criteria. Also, the length of the free tongue was measured by a ruler, and based on the measurements, values of 16 mm and above were considered normal and values less than 3 mm were considered severe. The prevalence and severity of ankyloglossia were compared by sex with chi-square or Fisher exact test and normal distribution of quantitative variables was analyzed by the Shapiro-Wilk test.
Result: The results showed that the prevalence of ankyloglossia in children aged 3 to 5 years in Sari was 3.6%, of which the prevalence was 2% in girls and 1.6% in boys, and only 0.7% of them had a severe form of this anomaly. Gender and age of children and also the age of the mother at delivery had no significant relationship with the prevalence of ankyloglossia.(P=0.73) and there is no significant different between mother age and ankyloglossia .(P=0.8)
Conclusion: As a result of this study, the prevalence of ankyloglossia in children aged 3 to 5 years in Sari was 3.6%, which was higher among girls than boys.
Keywords: Ankylog lossia, lingual frenum
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Type of Study: original article | Subject: Pediatrics
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hali H, ghorbani A, moosazadeh M, beigmohammadi P. Prevalence of ankyloglossia in children aged from 3 to 5 years old in sari. J Res Dent Sci. 2021; 18 (2) :144-149
URL: http://jrds.ir/article-1-1171-en.html


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Volume 18, Issue 2 (JRDS 2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله تحقیق در علوم دندانپزشکی Res Dent Sci
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